Therefore. The result or consequence of the truth just taught. Normally it marks the conclusion of the verses immediately preceding it. ( See notes below from MacArthur study Bible)

But here it introduces the staggering results of Paul’s teaching in the first 7 chapters: that justification is by faith alone on the basis of God’s overwhelming grace.

no condemnation.

Occurring only 3 times in the NT, all in Romans (cf. 5:16, 18), “condemnation” is used exclusively in judicial settings as the opposite of justification. It refers to a verdict of guilty and the penalty that verdict demands. No sin a believer can commit—past, present, or future—can be held against him, since the penalty was paid by Christ and righteousness was imputed to the believer. And no sin will ever reverse this divine legal decision (see note on v. 33). those … in Christ Jesus. I.e., every true Christian; to be in Christ means to be united with Him (see notes on 6:2, 11; cf. 6:1–11; 1Co 12:13, 27; 15:22).

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